Table of Contents
Rafaela Božić: Syntactic Synergies as an Element of Semantics (examples on poems by I. Brodsky and S. Gandlevsky)
This paper presents the work on the study of compound sentences in poetic syntax of I. Brodsky (one sentence discourse) and the study which emerged from this study on the interpretation of a poem of the Russian poet Sergei Gandlevsky (multiple sentence discourse). The paper shows that at the level of syntax we can find syntactic synergies (“clusters” of syntactic function). These syntactic synergies correspond with semantic focal points of poetic text.
poetic syntax, I. Brodsky, S. Gandlevsky
Diego Krivochen: Divide and… conquer? On the limits of algorithmic approaches to syntactic structure
In computer science, divide and conquer (D&C) is a top-down algorithm design paradigm based on multibranched recursion. D&C works by recursively breaking down a problem into sub-problems of the same (or a related) type, until these become simple enough to be solved directly. The solutions are then combined to give a solution to the original problem. The present work identifies D&C algorithms assumed within contemporary syntactic theory, and discusses the limits of their applicability in the realms of the syntax-semantics and syntax-morpho-phonology interfaces, including empirical evidence from coordinated structures and dependencies within auxiliary chains. We will propose that D&C algorithms fall short given a ‘mixed’ approach to the structure of linguistic phrase markers.
syntax; natural languages; divide and conquer; phrase structure
Diana Prodanović Stankić: Linguistics Approaches to the Study of Verbal Humour
The aim of the paper is to offer an overview on the linguistic models and theories that have been applied to the study of verbal humour, most notably Semantic Script-based Theory of Humor and General Theory of Verbal Humor. Even though verbal humour has not been studied long from the linguistic perspective, it seems that it can offer a deeper insight into the ways language functions, not only in terms of linguistic structures and levels, but also in terms of the interrelationship of linguistic and extralinguistic elements.
verbal humour, linguistics, Semantic Script-based Theory of Humor, General Theory of Verbal Humor
Lukáš Zámečník: Prospects of Philosophical Investigations of Science
This study investigates the future of the philosophy of science in the tradition of analytical philosophy which itself is closely linked with resolving fundamental philosophical problems associated with the problematic nature of the empirical basis of science. The first part adopts a critical view of Quine’s naturalized epistemology which rejects a normative stance towards the philosophy of science in favour of a pragmatically motivated naturalism. The second part presents some epistemological alternatives to Quine’s naturalism articulated largely in terms of Davidson’s transcendental view of the world, Searle’s external realism and Fraassen‘s constructive empiricism. The third part strives to fill the resulting conceptual lacuna, asserting the need for a normative view of the philosophy of science. The fourth part articulates some reflections on the challenges facing the current and future philosophy of science.
Constructive Empiricism, External Realism, Naturalism, Normativity, Philosoph of Physics, Philosophy of Science.
Juliana Zmetáková: Roman Jakobson between Linguistics and Translation studies: interdisciplinary and intercontinental dialogue
Roman Jakobson was one of the most interdisciplinary scholars, active in the field of linguistics, poetics and translation theory. His contribution to the translation theory was reflected by Brazilian scholars, mainly Haroldo de Campos, and influenced substantially the development of the field in Brazil. Campos, himself a concrete poet, reflected Jakobson’s semiotic conception of translation and his emphasis on the poetic function as the basis for the poetic transposition or interlingual transcreation of poetic texts.
Roman Jakobson, Haroldo de Campos, translation theory, literary translation, semiotics, creative transposition, transcreation