Table of Contents
Radek Čech (Guest Editor): Editorial
Gabriel Altmann: Certain Differences between Qualitative and Quantitative Linguistics
The primary characteristics of both qualitative and quantitative approaches are scrutinized in this paper and the most striking differences are highlighted. The qualitative approach is evaluated from the point of view of quantitative linguistics. Fundamental principles basic for linguistic theory building are presented.
hypothesis, law, qualitative linguistics, quantitative linguistics, rule, theory
Andrei Beliankou – Reinhard Köhler: Some Quantitative Properties of Russian Inflection in a Text
We investigate the quantitative properties of inflection in highly inflectional Slavic languages including the correspondence of word frequency and the word-form number, word frequency and the paradigm size. We demonstrate that the nature of inflection is similar to generic diversification processes in language. Our study provides a simple approximation of word-form frequency distribution using the power function. We indicate additional vacancies in inflection modelling and propose a quantitative approach for their description.
diversification, inflection, parts-of-speech, paradigm size, power function, word form distribution, word form frequency
Martina Benešová: Poe’s Raven and the Theory of Information
This paper deals with applying knowledge of the theory of information and numerical aesthetics when dealing with text samples (The Raven by E.A. Poe and its sixteen translations into Czech). The aesthetic properties of such objects are quantified and compared by means of the tools of numerical aesthetics and information theory. The paper also provides the reader with a historical overview of the quantification of aesthetics, and suggests subjects for further research.
entropy, information flow, information theory, numerical aesthetics, Poe E. A., The Raven, redundancy
Jiří Milička: Minimal Ratio: An Exact Metric for Keywords, Collocations, etc.
The paper defines and demonstrates how to use the Minimal Ratio, an exact metric which expresses the ratio between the measured value and the limits of the confidence interval calculated according to the formula Fischer‘s exact test is based on. The metric is meant to assist with keywords and collocations extraction and comparing texts or corpora based on word types distribution or other similar criteria.
collocations, confidence interval, Fisher‘s test, keywords, minimal ratio
Petra Martinková: Problems in Quantitative Linguistics 3. Radek Čech and Gabriel Altmann. Lüdenscheid: RAM – Verlag 2011